Boulder City is a city in Clark County Nevada. It is about 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Las Vegas. As of the 2010 census, the community of Boulder City was 15,023. Federal Company Town-The Way it Started
The ground on which Boulder City was founded was a mean, deserted place. Its sole reason for existence was the need to house employees contracted to build the a structure on the Colorado River that would be known as the Great Hoover Dam (known commonly as Boulder Dam from 1933 to 1947, when the name was officially changed to Hoover Dam by a joint resolution of Congress). Men hoping for work on the the Great Dam project had begun settling along the river in tents soon after the precise site for the dam had been chosen by the Bureau of Reclamation in 1930. Their ramshackle edifices were collectively known as "Ragtown".
Boulder City was first built in 1931 by the Bureau of Reclamation and 6 companies Incorporated was housing for workers who were building the Hoover Dam.
The massive scale of the dam and duration of the project made the Bureau of Reclamation consider the construction of a semi-permanent town rather than a temporary small town. Boulder City was exceptionally rare as an example of a small town fully planned with governmental supervision. This is unlike 19th century non-public funded company town examples found in the United Kingdom such as Port Cenatara or in the United States, such as Chicago
1930–1934 The Early Years
Boulder City was planned through the federal watch as a model community, with a Dutch-born urban architect contracted to plan it. DeBoer had been a planner for the city of Denver Colorado and was to design many towns and suburbs around the Rocky Mountains region. Because the Hoover Dam plan represented optimism for a country suffering from the effects of the Great Depression, the town itself was to be an additional projection of this optimism. There was to be an emphasis on an affordable living environment for Hoover Dam workers. The plan submitted by DeBoer in 1930 was formal and symmetrical with a park and the B.O.R. building at the end of the two main teams. The plan was deemed too high priced to carry out in its original form and was modified to allow for more regular block sizes. Its allowance for public usage and copious amounts of plant growth earned it the background name "Nevada's Garden City". The provision for plants and trees was another expression of the B.O.R. mission to reclaim and 'vegitate' the American West."
The city was modeled to house about 5,000 workers. The status of the workers on the Hoover Dam was portrayed in their house sizes and locations. The most important workers had their residences on top of the hill near the apex. Employees were housed further down the mountain and houses for manual workers were located farthest away from the public parks and buildings. The most radically modified portions of DeBoer's plan were in these lower-class residential blocks, where open spaces and parks were largely eliminated.
Industry development was restricted and severely regulated under the city manager. There were limits to the number of different types of shops allowed in the city, and all who wished to begin a business were vetted for character and financial viability. On the other hand, there was no provision for schools in the burgeoning city, probably because the B.O.R. expected that single male workers would populate the city. The city made do with put together schoolrooms until the town won the right for state-funded schools to be made on the federal reservation with which Boulder City was planned. There was also a lack of hospitals in the town. Workers with injuries had to go 33 miles (53 km)away to a Las Vegas hospital. When a hospital was established in the town, females were not admitted for a number of years and reasons.
The employees of Boulder City were under strict monitoring: alcohol was prohibited in the city until1969, and gambling has been illegal since the city's beginning. The town was founded during the Prohibition era. Boulder Theatre was established in 1931, which meant that workers did not have to travel to Las Vegas for relaxation or fun. Such measures were common for company towns dating back to the 19th century, since sober workers surrounded by their own gardens and provided with appropriate entertainment would be more available during their working days.
At the beginning of Boulder City, the prohibition of alcohol and gambling was at least partly due to the proximity of Las Vegas, which had a notoriously rowdy vice district. Visitors to Boulder City were admitted by paperwork from the state, and by 932, there was a gatehouse through which all visitors had to cross.
The town charter, approved by the people who live here, prohibited gambling within the city limits. This example still exists, making Boulder City one of only two locations in Nevada where gambling is not allowed (the other is the town of Panaca). The Hoover Dam Casino permits gambling and has a Boulder City mailing address, but it is located on a parcel of private land within the boundaries of the Lake Mead Casino and thus not within city limits.
Another casino on the other end of city is the Railroad Pass Casino which has a Boulder City telephone number, but is within the boundary of the neighboring city of Henderson.
Alcohol sales were allowed in 1969.
Boulder City is a small town with large vehicle accidents.